Quest of the nightingale: The religious thought of Khvajah Mir Dard (1720--1785). Homayra Ziad

ISBN: 9780549657828

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352 pages


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Quest of the nightingale: The religious thought of Khvajah Mir Dard (1720--1785).  by  Homayra Ziad

Quest of the nightingale: The religious thought of Khvajah Mir Dard (1720--1785). by Homayra Ziad
| NOOKstudy eTextbook | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, audiobook, mp3, ZIP | 352 pages | ISBN: 9780549657828 | 6.64 Mb

My dissertation is the first comprehensive exploration of the life and religious thought of Khvajah Mir Dard of Delhi, s&dotbelow-ufi theologian and theoretician of a reformist spiritual path. A beloved Urdu poet and unique representative of theMoreMy dissertation is the first comprehensive exploration of the life and religious thought of Khvajah Mir Dard of Delhi, s&dotbelow-ufi theologian and theoretician of a reformist spiritual path.

A beloved Urdu poet and unique representative of the Naqshbandi Mujaddidi lineage, Dards intellectual career encompassed several significant trends of his period: the religious reform impulse, the intellectual rise of the Mujaddidis, debates over Akbarian views of reality, the influence of Illuminationist philosophy, and the development of Urdu as a literary language.-My dissertation analyzes Dards epistemology, ontology, theology and practical ethics, as well as his self-understanding and theories on the text, as presented mainly in his Persian masterwork Ilm al-Kitab and his Chahar Risalat.

Dard describes an ontological system in which all phenomena are relations or predications of the essence of being, and divergent understandings are but manifestations of a limited way of relating to the essence. Muh&dotbelow-ammadi unity (tawh&dotbelow-id-i muh&dotbelow-ammadi) is the most comprehensive knowledge of divine reality without the limits of relations and predications and t&dotbelow-ariqah-i muh&dotbelow-ammadiyyah is the devotional means to this knowledge, founded on the Quran, sunnah, and supererogatory practices of the Naqshbandi, QadirI, and Mujaddidi lineages.

These devotions lead to presential knowledge of the essence of being through knowledge of its attributes, creating an ontological change in the knower such that he becomes what he knows. Once the knower has attained the level of presence, he becomes a Pure Muh&dotbelow-ammadi.-I argue that Dard was a sophisticated theorist with an ambitious interpretive project: to effect a synthesis of key intellectual and experiential Islamic discourses, within a Nagshbandi framework, that would create a universal understanding of reality. Dard was not concerned with following the example set by eminent predecessors or authorities, and endeavored only to remain true to several key hermeneutical principles.

His hermeneutics allowed him to draw from the main intellectual trends at play in eighteenth-century Northern India, while identifying fully with none. He was selective and critical in his borrowings, creating a hybrid system very much his own, and suggesting concepts that set him apart from each one of his influences.



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